Gothic Architecture and 3D Printing
Gothic architecture, architectural style in Europe that lasted from the mid 12th century to the 16th century, particularly a style of masonry building characterized by cavernous spaces with the expanse of walls broken up by overlaid tracery. In the 12th–13th centuries, feats of engineering permitted increasingly gigantic buildings. The rib vault, flying buttress, and pointed (Gothic) arch were used as solutions to the problem of building a very tall structure while preserving as much natural light as possible.
During mid-century, architects came up with the Ribbed Vault and then fill the light materials into it to become Groin Vault to lowering the fire risks of wooden structure. The development of the Ribbed Vault has become part of the Rayonnant style, which developed into Gothic style.
3D model of the Vault
The other important characteristic of Gothic is pointed arch. People believed that the taller the arch it, the closer they can be to the God.
Pointed arch modeled in 3D software
Gothic style drawing by hand(Left) and the corresponding 3D model(Right)